Advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence (AI)
This detailed article explores some of the advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence (AI). It also explores the definition and types of artificial intelligence. AI has already played a big role in many areas of human life. Robots, maps, facial recognition, self-driving car, chatbots, digital assistant, plagiarism checkers, and many others have huge impact on humans.
Definition of artificial intelligence (AI)
According to IBM (2020) artificial intelligence (AI) leverages computers and machines to mimic the problem-solving and decision-making capabilities of the human mind.
According to Copeland (1993) artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the ability of a computer or robot to execute activities commonly associated with intelligent beings.
West (2018) states that the origin of the idea of artificial intelligence came from Alan Turing who speculated in 1950 about “thinking machines” that could think like a human being.
Types of artificial intelligence (AI)
According to Marr (2021) there are four types of artificial intelligence i.e. Reactive AI, Limited Memory AI, Theory of Mind AI, and Self-aware AI.
Reactive AI is the simplest of all which receives inputs and produces an output. Machines with this type of AI do not save past experiences for future actions.
Machines with Limited memory AI can save some data for a short time. Self-driving cars are considered an example of this type of AI. These cars can save some information to provide passengers a safe ride.
Robots with Theory of Mind AI can interact with humans. They are expected to understand human emotions as well. Imagine talking to an intelligent robot!
Self-aware is the most advanced type of artificial intelligence. Robots with this type of AI are expected to understand their own emotions and those of others. Scientists are working tirelessly to produce something as such.
Advantages of artificial intelligence (AI)
With the use of algorithms, artificial intelligence (AI) considers data gathered in the past to make decisions. Making decisions this way reduces the chances of errors caused by human limitations. In addition, AI machines can increase productivity and quality of production.
Humans can minimise a variety of risks by entrusting AI machines with different tasks. Machines can survive better in the face of bitter and challenging weather conditions. Imagine, exploring Mars or carrying out research in the deepest parts of the Atlantic Ocean!
AI machines can work automatically without any human assistance. They can work incessantly, and unlike humans, do not need to take frequent breaks and days-off. While many people do not like repetitive jobs, AI machines are indeed designed to perform tasks repetitively.
Humans often take time to analyse circumstances while considering multiple factors and perspectives which may cause delay in making decisions. On the other hand, AI machines can make instant decisions and deliver results faster.
Disadvantages of artificial intelligence (AI)
Introducing AI machines in workplace can be very costly. In addition, the costs of repair and maintenance could be high as well.
Many companies around the world are using AI to perform many tasks on a daily basis. However, this over dependence on technology has made many people redundant causing them frustration and mental stress.
Naughton (2021) asks a question concerning the accuracy and reliability of AI machines when they face awkward questions? Well, the answer is that AI machines can sometimes perform really badly. As an example, readers can assess the reliability of Siri artificial intelligence by asking it some awkward and unusual questions!
Unlike humans, machines cannot think outside the box. They only perform the jobs they have been programmed for. Similarly, humans often work with passion and love, while this is non-existent in machines.
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Last update: 05 October 2021
IBM (2020) Artificial intelligence (AI), available at: https://www.ibm.com/uk-en/cloud/learn/what-is-artificial-intelligence (accessed 05 October 2021)
Marr, B. (2021) Understanding the 4 Types of Artificial Intelligence (AI) available at: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/understanding-4-types-artificial-intelligence-ai-bernard-marr (accessed 01 October 2021)
Naughton, J. (2021) The truth about artificial intelligence? It isn’t that honest, available at: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2021/oct/02/the-truth-about-artificial-intelligence-it-isnt-that-honest (accessed 04 October 2021)
West, D. (2018) What is artificial intelligence? Available at: https://www.brookings.edu/research/what-is-artificial-intelligence/ (accessed 05 October 2021)
Author: M Rahman
M Rahman writes extensively online and offline with an emphasis on business management, marketing, and tourism. He is a lecturer in Management and Marketing. He holds an MSc in Tourism & Hospitality from the University of Sunderland. Also, graduated from Leeds Metropolitan University with a BA in Business & Management Studies and completed a DTLLS (Diploma in Teaching in the Life-Long Learning Sector) from London South Bank University.