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Advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence (AI)

Advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence (AI)

This detailed article explores some of the advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence (AI). It also explores the definition and types of artificial intelligence. AI has already played a big role in many areas of human life. Robots, maps, facial recognition, self-driving car, chatbots, digital assistant, plagiarism checkers, and many others have huge impact on humans. 


Definition of artificial intelligence (AI)

According to IBM (2023) artificial intelligence (AI) leverages computers and machines to mimic the problem-solving and decision-making capabilities of the human mind.


According to Encyclopaedia Britannica (2023) artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings.



Types of artificial intelligence (AI)

According to Marr (2023) there are four types of artificial intelligence i.e. Reactive AI, Limited Memory AI, Theory of Mind AI, and Self-aware AI.


Reactive AI

Reactive AI is the simplest of all which receives inputs and produces an output. Machines with this type of AI do not save past experiences for future actions. They are not able to learn or comprehend the past or future. Examples include spam filters, Netflix recommendations etc. (Marr, 2023).


Limited Memory AI

Machines with Limited memory AI can save some data for a short time. Self-driving cars are considered an example of this type of AI. These cars can save some information to provide passengers a safe ride.


Theory of Mind AI

Robots with Theory of Mind AI can interact with humans. They are expected to understand human emotions as well. Imagine talking to an intelligent robot!


Though this type of AI has not be fully materialised, robots such as Kismet and Sophia can be considered two good examples. They recognised human emotions to some extent and responded accordingly.


Self-aware AI

Self-aware is the most advanced type of artificial intelligence. Robots with this type of AI are expected to understand their own emotions and those of others. Scientists are working tirelessly to produce something as such.


Advantages of artificial intelligence (AI)


Informed decision making

With the use of algorithms, artificial intelligence (AI) considers data gathered in the past to make decisions. Making decisions this way reduces the chances of errors caused by human limitations. In addition, AI machines can increase productivity and quality of production.


Minimising risks

Humans can minimise a variety of risks by entrusting AI machines with different tasks. Machines can survive better in the face of bitter and challenging weather conditions. Imagine, exploring Mars or carrying out research in the deepest parts of the Atlantic Ocean!



One of the key advantages of artificial intelligence is that AI machines can work automatically without any human assistance. They can work incessantly, and unlike humans, do not need to take frequent breaks and days-off.  While many people do not like repetitive jobs, AI machines are indeed designed to perform tasks repetitively.


Faster results

Humans often take time to analyse circumstances while considering multiple factors and perspectives which may cause delay in making decisions. On the other hand, AI machines can make instant decisions and deliver results faster.


Disadvantages of artificial intelligence (AI)


AI can be costly

Introducing AI machines in workplace can be very costly. In addition, the costs of repair and maintenance could be high as well. In fact, cost is one of key disadvantages of artificial intelligence.


Cause of human redundancy

Many companies around the world are using AI to perform many tasks on a daily basis. However, this over dependence on technology has made many people redundant causing them frustration and mental stress.


Lack reliability

Naughton (2021) asks a question concerning the accuracy and reliability of AI machines when they face awkward questions? Well, the answer is that AI machines can sometimes perform really badly. As an example, readers can assess the reliability of Siri artificial intelligence by asking it some awkward and unusual questions!


According to UNESCO (2023) AI machines may sometimes deliver biased results. These machines are not neutral when they process data resulting in the presentation unreliable information.


Lack of outside the box thinking

Unlike humans, machines cannot think outside the box. They only perform the jobs they have been programmed for. Similarly, humans often work with passion and love, while this is non-existent in machines.


Future of artificial intelligence

The future of artificial intelligence is both exciting and uncertain, with the potential for even greater breakthroughs and applications in the years to come. As research and development continue to expand, even more significant advancements in this fascinating field may come, with the potential to revolutionise the world in ways beyond imagination.


Artificial intelligence and ethics

As AI continues to progress, the integration of ethical considerations into AI development is becoming increasingly important. This involves the development of ethical guidelines and regulations to ensure that AI is used responsibly and fairly.


Governments around the world have recognized the potential and challenges associated with artificial intelligence, with many investing in AI research and development extensively. Additionally, they are developing regulations and policies to ensure that the technology is used responsibly and fairly.


Summary of advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence (AI)

Certainly, artificial intelligence has come a long way since its early beginnings, with significant advancements in various industries and applications. As it continues to advance, it is crucial to consider the ethical implications and potential consequences of this technology.


By focusing on responsible AI development and addressing concerns such as bias, privacy, and job displacement, it can be ensured that AI is used to benefit the society as a whole. A key question here though: Can AI be significantly harmful to humans?


We hope the article ‘Advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence (AI)’ has been helpful. Please share the article link on social media to support our work. You may also like reading:


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Last update: 30 April 2023


Encyclopaedia Britannica (2023) Artificial intelligence, available at: (accessed 28 April 2023)

IBM (2023) Artificial intelligence (AI), available at: (accessed 29 April 2023)

Marr, B. (2023) What are the 4 Types of Artificial Intelligence (AI) available at:  (accessed 30 April 2023)

Naughton, J. (2021) The truth about artificial intelligence? It isn’t that honest, available at: (accessed 30 April 2023)

UNESCO (2023) Artificial Intelligence: examples of ethical dilemmas, available at: (accessed 25 April 2023)

Author: M Rahman

M Rahman writes extensively online and offline with an emphasis on business management, marketing, and tourism. He is a lecturer in Management and Marketing. He holds an MSc in Tourism & Hospitality from the University of Sunderland. Also, graduated from Leeds Metropolitan University with a BA in Business & Management Studies and completed a DTLLS (Diploma in Teaching in the Life-Long Learning Sector) from London South Bank University.

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