Organisation – definition and features

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What is an organisation? An organisation is a group of people working together in a systematic way to achieve a set of objectives. According to Needham et.al (1995) an organisation is a system, having an established structure and conscious planning, in which people work and deal with one another in a coordinated and cooperative manner for the accomplishment of recognised goals. According to Buchanan and Huczynski (1985) organisations are social arrangements for the controlled performance of collective goals. Organisational features While many writers have attempted to define the term ‘organisation’ […]

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What is Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory?

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Last updated: October 2016 Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory The hierarchy of needs theory was developed by Abraham Maslow in 1954 even though the origin of the theory dates back in 1943 when Maslow wrote a paper ‘A Theory of Human Motivation’ for a scientific journal called Psychological Review. Maslow was a psychologist and worked as a psychology professor as well. Maslow’s theory has five stages as shown in the diagram above. According to Maslow, human beings are wanting-animals and their needs come one after another. Once a need is […]

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Skills and qualities of a good leader

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Last updated June 2016 Leading people is not an easy task. And not necessarily everyone would be considered a leader. So, what makes a person a leader is a question of analysis. A leader must possess certain skills and qualities. The list of leadership skills and qualities is big; however, this article will focus on a few as follows: Conceptual skills Capacity to inspire others Courage Technical Knowledge Responsibility Integrity Excellent communication skills Loyalty Problem solving ability Intelligence Honesty Empathy Leading by examples Most of the skills and qualities listed […]

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Leadership – examples of good leaders

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Leaders play a vital role in many aspects of our everyday lives. In politics, religion, business and many other arenas, we see that leaders are dealing with current situations so as to shape the future. They are the people whom others look up to for guidance and direction. They organise resources and influence people to use the resources to achieve their goals. Definition of leadership According to Kotter (1996), leadership defines what the future should look like, aligns people with that vision and inspires them to make it happen despite […]

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What is organisational behaviour?

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Last updated June 2016 Image: Pixabay Organisational behaviour is a very important subject in business management. It is an essential tool to manage teams at work effectively. It also helps managers understand and predict employee behaviour in an organisation. Definition of organisational behaviour Organisational behaviour (OB) is the ‘study of the structure, functioning, and performance of organisations, and the behaviour of groups and individuals within them’ (Pugh, 1971, P.9). According to Moorhead & Griffin (1995) organisational behaviour is the study of human behaviour in organisational settings, the interface between human […]

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