What is critical reflection and learning?

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Last updated: November 2016 All of us use reflection in everyday life to comprehend our experiences and/or practices to internalise the learning gathered from those events. In general, to reflect means to think about or reconsider something after the event took place. Such act of ‘looking back’ results in insight and learning. However for higher level of learning and education mere reflection is not enough and researchers like Mezirow (1990) suggested that ‘critical reflection’ is needed for transformative learning. Critical reflection has been described by Mezirow (1990) as follows: “… […]

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What is a systematic approach to training?

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Training is the systematic application of formal processes to impart knowledge and help people acquire the skills necessary for them to perform their jobs satisfactorily (Armstrong, 2012). As training is considered a process, adopting a systematic approach to design training programmes can be useful. According to BPP Learning Media (2013) a systematic approach to training encompasses four basic stages as follows: Stage 1: Identify and define training needs, Stage 2: Design learning and development programme, Stage 3: Implementing learning events and programmes, Stage 4: Systematically evaluate training. Stage 1: Identify […]

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What is continuing professional development?

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People often talk about CPD. Well, CPD stands for continuing professional development. According to CIPD (2014), CPD is a combination of approaches, ideas and techniques that will help you manage your own learning and growth. It is in fact a process to document any new skills and knowledge that you may gain as you work. Benefits of CPD Does CPD matter? The answer is ‘yes’.  It is certainly important for both individual employees and organisations. CPD can benefit both in a number of ways. For example: CPD is important because it […]

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Management Training

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Management training is an important area of discussion in HRM. Managers play a number of vital roles in organisations. Managing people, dealing with conflict, communicating both inside and outside the organisations, and making a variety of decisions are some of the responsibilities of managers. Managers need to have a variety of skills and attributes in order to carry out their responsibilities. Many of these skills are not automatically gained and therefore, managers need training. What skills do managers need? Certainly, managers need a wide variety of skills to perform five […]

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Employee training

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Employee training and development is a very important function of human resource management. Organisations must train employees on a continuous basis in order to ensure long-term success of the business. Without appropriate training programs in place, it is difficult for organisations to operate in today’s constantly changing and technology-driven business environment. What is Training? Training is the systematic application of formal processes to impart knowledge and help people acquire the skills necessary for them to perform their jobs satisfactorily (Armstrong, 2012). The purpose of training is not a public relations […]

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Learning styles – definition and types of learning styles

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Definition of learning styles Different people learn in different ways. These different ways are generally called learning styles. According to Stewart and Felicetti (1992), learning styles are those educational conditions under which a student is most likely to learn. These approaches are simply preferences people exhibit, not requirements of any kind. Coffield et al. (2004) has identified 71 models of learning styles. 13 out of the 71 models have been categorised as major models. Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory (LSI) and Honey and Mumford’s Learning Styles Questionnaire (LSQ) are widely known […]

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